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Toenail Fungus Diagnosis, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Cost


Toenail Fungus Diagnosis

Causes of Toenail Fungus

  • Result of trauma to toenail
  • Underlying medical condition such as diabetes, cancer or immune deficiency 
  • Untreated Skin infection - People that have chronic Athlete's Foot often notice that fungus spreads to the toenails as well
  • Tight shoes - damage nail plate and leave nail matrix susceptible to contract fungus. 
  • Reusing socks - creates a dark, moist, humid environment ideal for fungal growth
  • Heredity - many patients who suffer from chronic toenail fungus are genetically predisposed

Symptoms of Toenail Fungus

toenail fungus
  • Thickened Toenails 
  • Yellow Discolored Toenails
  • Cracked Toenails
  • Smelly Toenails
  • Flaky residue on top of the nail
  • White spot under nail plate
  • Redness and swelling around cuticle of the nail 

Bad News: If you have two or more these symptoms it is very likely that you have Toenail Fungus. 

Good News: Toenail Fungus is a cosmetic condition that can be treated in a number of ways. 

How can you treat and prevent toenail fungus?

  • Keep shoes and socks dry as a preventative measure
  • Practice good foot hygiene by washing feet daily with soap and water
  • Dry carefully between the toes
  • Wash socks after every use
  • Change shoes regularly and apply
  • Wear moisture wicking acrylic or cotton socks
  • Inspect toenails and trim them straight across on a regular basis
  • Do not use nail polish unless you use an anti-fungal base coat under the nail polish
  • Women should add an antifungal cuticle oil to their nail kits.
  • Immediately start using an Anti-Fungal Nail Treatment Lacquer to clear the nail and stop the Fungus from spreading

How do podiatrists diagnose patients with Toenail Fungus?

  1. Perform a physical examination
  2. Ask about patient health and hygiene 
  3. Culture the infected nail
  4. Prescribe appropriate medications, such as PediMD Anti-Fungal Lacquer and/or oral Sporanox or Lamisil Antifungal pills.
  5. Use an antifungal Laser to zap the toenails
  6. Perform debridement or removal of the nail 

How much do Toenail Fungus Treatments cost?

There are the are four major categories of Toenail Fungus Treatment. 

(Click on the name to see an example and learn more about each treatment option)

  1. Antifungal Lacquers - most cost effective method to treat toenail fungus. Antifungal Lacquers vary in cost from about $30 to $100. When deciding which one to use take into account:    
    • can the lacquer penetrate the nail and treat the nail matrix 
    • how quickly does the treatment dry and how will it stay on the nail
    • does the treatment prevent future fungal infections after the initial infection treated. 
  2. Antifungal Laser - non-invasive treatment conducted in a doctors office. Costs about $800 per treatment. Most doctors will recommend two or three treatment sessions to ensure that all the fungus is gone. 
  3. Antifungal Pills (Sporanox and Lamisil) - Cost about 700$. They can be damaging to the liver and do not ensure that the fungus is gone forever. After the medicine leaves the system the nail is once again susceptible to fungus. 
  4. Home Remedies for Toenail Fungus - Vicks Vapo Rub, Listerine, Vinegar, Tea Tree Oil and many more. All of these remedies cost about $5 to $15 but they have success rates of only about 10% and can have negative side effects. Doctors generally do not recommend using Home Remedies to treat toenail fungus because the product is not engineered to treat fungus and can cause other issues to arise. 

Tea Tree Oil, Jojoba Oil and Menthol fight Toe Nail and Foot Fungus


Fight Fungus by using Tea Tree Oil, Jojoba Oil and Menthol 

Herbal products have been effective in treating toenail and foot fungus for centuries.  Below is a list of prominent herbal ingredients that are used in PediMD products that are known for their anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and healing properties .

Tea Tree Oil

Tea Tree Oil Plant

Tea Tree Oil has beneficial medical properties when applied topically; including anti-septic, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-viral.  It is an effective treatment for multiple fungal diseases including ringworm, athlete’s foot and toenail fungus and thrush.

Tea Tree Oil is an ingredient in PediMD Step 1 Nail Lacquer.  We have combined the tea tree oil molecule with jojoba oil, which has a smaller particle size in order to allow the tea tree to penetrate the nail and treat the nail root where fungus thrives.

Jojoba Oil

Jojoba Oil serves as an excellent moisturizing agent with exceptional lubricity.  The oil leaves a rich velvety non-oily feel on the skin while retaining water to enhance the flexibility and suppleness of the skin and promote the growth of new skin cells.

Jojoba  Oil is used in our nail treatment system primarily to rejuvenate infected nail and skin cells and promote the growth of new, healthy cells. This oil speeds the growth of an infected nail while it heals, soothes and moisturizes the surrounding skin leaving, it soft and smooth.

Menthol - Vics Vapo Rub

Menthol has anti-bacterial and anti-septic and anti-inflammatory properties. Menthol is a strong alcohol which not only cleans the nail, but also treats the fungus as well.

Many doctors prescribe menthol cream as a cure for nail fungus.  However, menthol cannot penetrate the nail and reach the source of the fungus. PediMD Nail Treatment System is designed to unroof the top layer of the nail through the use of Urea and allow the Menthol to penetrate through the nail and into the root where fungus grows and multiplies.

PediMD Anti-Fungal Nail Treatment and PediMD Anti-Fungal Moisturizing Foot Cream incorporate Tea Tree Oil, Jojoba Oil and Menthol as well as multiple other Oils and Extracts that Fight Fungus

tea tree oil fungus



Do you have Smelly Feet? It could be Athlete's Foot or Foot Fungus.


The #1 cause of Smelly Feet is Foot Fungus. About 45 million American's get Foot Fungus aka Athlete's Foot every year. The Fungus is not harmful but it can cuase cracked, irritated, peeling skin and embarassing smelly feet! Foot Fungus can spread to the toenails and toenail fungus can affect the skin around the toes. It is critical to treat the Athlete's Foot or Toenail Fungus to cure Smelly Feet and keep skin healthy.  

Causes of Smelly Feet:

Smelly Foot
  1. Foot Fungus

  2. Reusing Socks

  3. Sweat in shoes 

  4. Toenail Fungus 

How to Prevent Smelly Feet:

Other Symptoms of Foot Fungus:

  • Itchy red skin in-between toes

  • Peeling skin on foot

  • Constant need to rub toes around

Foot Fungus can damage the skin and leave it suseptable to getting infected. Most treatments will eliminate the fungus; yet, they neglect to treat the skin. It is essential to use an anti-fungal cream with natural oils and herbal extracts which will keep the skin feeling soft and healthy. PediMD Moisturizing Foot Cream combines natural oils with FDA approved fungus fighting medicine to treat Fungus and keep feeling happy and healthy!
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